Catchy & Catching term:
The term “Fire” is very attractive and versatile according to the field. For HR people it means to send out, Shoot out for Armed forces, Attitude or Burning desire for motivators and inspiring leaders.
We are depending on “Fire” more likewise “Fire accidents” depends on us, normally all type of calamity are dangerous but “Fire” accidents will get more attention and fear sensation due to its destroying capability.
Elements which can form the fire:
Coffee is the most tempting term in India above 85% of our countrymen are coffee addicts, me beating around the bush to make you understand better. A good coffee needs Milk, Coffee Mix or Filtered coffee and Sugar. Likewise “Mr. Fire” needs the following.
1. Flammable material: Items which burn or which will act as a medium are called flammable materials. i.e. Wood, Petrol
2. Sufficient heat: Minimum temperature which supports ignition. If a tanker of Petrol is there, someone opening it and lighting a matchstick and put inside means what will happen “Boom”! But NO, nothing will happen. A small match stick not enough to create fire, it needs more.
3. Air: Oxygen is only making us alive similarly it gives breath to the fire also. In open area like stadium and forest “Air” will play the major role in considerable damage.
Before proceeding with the classes of “Fire” and it’s fighting methods forestalling of nasty accidents are very important.
Think about it:
In this electronic world, we are effortlessly trimming, Combing, Ironing, washing, cooking, bathing and especially charging and so on... No wonder if we brush with an electronic gadget in future.
The question is how safely are we using it? Using of non-insulated wires can be resulting in electrocution as well as heavy spark. Electrical circuits are designed to bear certain voltage so don’t over engage a junction box.
Make a habit of leaving a few sockets freely.
Electrical wiring is a very critical job, how many of us are checking the electric wiring before entering into the new house? Wiring according to the load will prevent major fire accidents. “Proper wire will prevent the fire”.
Electricity is not like an app which we can use it as per convenience, it needs a lot of qualification and understanding but finding such a skilled person is not easy but we have to do!
Changing of entire wire circuit in a regular interval will help a lot in power saving as well as life; maybe it is expensive but not more than our life.
Circuit-breakers, Trippers and Stabilizers and Inverters are to be maintained properly, most of the sad life loses are due to the non-seriousness of “Current”.
LPG gas accidents are the major part of worst fire victims; to be frank, LPG is very safe and so easy to use. Lack of ventilation is the foremost cause of LPG explosion.
Due to modern luxury, we are tightly sealing all our doors, windows, eyes and brain too.
LPG explodes only due to compression and excess temperature; there are very few chances of over temperature at domestic areas.
In Industries we have to store LPG / any gas cylinders in a shed with chain lock in a vertical position.
Ventilation is very important:
Whenever you are returning to home have a habit of opening the windows, balcony if not front door at least fifteen minutes then switch on Fan, AC anything.
Gases are lighter, shapeless and expand rapidly. In case of any leakage, it can be inside your plug holes, switch gaps, candle, everywhere...
Don’t be too close to inviting a bane; feel free stay away from unwanted “Flash”
Assembly point – know the value of it:
At a lot of places “Assemble point boards” are fixed for namesake and in the hazardous area itself.
“Assembly point” is the place where the people can safely gather to confirm the presence. Normally HR or Safety officer use to verify the entire list with an actual presence at the time of emergency.
At that crucial time we should be there till the procedure gets completed.
Classifications of FIRE:
Types of Fire are arranged as per the “Fuel” or Burning material involved in it.
Normally, fire on Wood, Cloths, Human is classified as Type “A” Fire, in simple words those materials those are leaving “Ash” after burn are “Class A” .We can use only water to put it off .
Fire caused by Petrol, kerosene, Varnish, Alcohol is classified as “B” class of Fire or “Liquid Fire”. Logically we cannot use water to put off such fire because water will enrich the oil fire .So we have to use foam (Specially made for oil fire) and Dry chemical powder (DCP) extinguishers.
The gas fire and Electrical fires are generally termed as Class “C” fire.
One more simple logic here Co2 gas cannot put off LPG gas fire because gas cannot extinguish gas it may result in explosion. Hence only DCPs can be used.
Just Remember: Ash – A Type- Water, Barrel-B type-Foam / DCP, Current –C type Co2 and DCP
Please P.A.S.S it on:
P.A.S.S is the method of operating fire extinguishers, before operating we have to check the extinguishers validity at corner and pressure indicator on top.
P Stands for PULL THE PIN, we have to pull the pin off from the top of fire extinguisher
A Stands for AIM THE BASE OF FIRE, We have to Aim fire before triggering it to avoid the wastage
S Stands for SQUEEZE THE LEVER ON OR ABOVE HANDLE, That only trigger out the extinguishing component
S Stands for SWEEP FROM SIDE TO SIDE, Because we are not putting off a fixed fire like candle. Fire will spread according to air and fuel so we have to extinguish by sweeping sides.
If Indicator indicates green yes we can use it, if red means no use in operating that extinguisher.
Just check the extinguisher if it mentioned ABC and current symbol we can use it for all fires.